The neighborhood was planned as part of the agreed terms of the confidence-building measures in the Oslo agreement between the Palestinian Authority and the State of Israel. The neighborhood was intended for settlers from Judea and Samaria who were supposed to be evacuated as part of a permanent arrangement.
Building of the neighborhood, with 6,5000 residential units planned initially, began after the evacuation of territories in Samaria (the first phase) by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during his first term of office. The Oslo agreements were never implemented, but Israeli governments continued the building over the years, and the neighborhood became a pawn in the game between the two sides fighting over an unreachable agreement.
The neighborhood was planned on the hills between Bethlehem in the south and Ramat Rachel kibbutz in the north, thus completing the ring of the city's southern neighborhoods and spreading from Giloh in the west and the Judea desert in the east. The steep slopes of these hills forced us to find various alternatives to prevent severe damage to the scenery, and will adapt themselves to the existing topography.
Phase A, which we planned in detail (2,650 residential units), consists of relatively small buildings that adapt themselves to the topography, thus reflecting the built shell.
Our office is also involved in building a sewage purification plant located in the neighborhood and intended for the use of Jerusalem's eastern neighborhoods. Its role is to prevent the pollution of streams in Judea desert. The purified water will be used to irrigate the public gardens in the neighborhood and the entire city.
Client: Ministry of Housing and Construction
Location: South-East Jerusalem
Area: 67.3 hectares